Water Conservation

On July 8, Gov. Newsom issued both a Proclamation that expands the state’s drought emergency and an Executive Order calling for Californians to voluntarily reduce water use by 15% from 2020

Additional Reasons for Conserving Water

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Limited availability

Only 3% of the water on Earth is freshwater while only 0.5% is available for us to drink.

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Conserving energy

Conserving water also reduces the energy that is required to deliver it to communities, thus helping to reduce pollution and conserve fuel resources.

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Saving money

When you make use of simple water conservation techniques, you are saving thousands of gallons of water each year and you will be charged less for it.

Ways to Conserve Water in Your Home

  • Take shorter showers or turn off water during shower.
  • Use aerators for household faucets.
  • Always turn off your taps tightly to avoid drip.
  • Don’t let your water run while you are brushing your teeth or washing vegetables.
  • Check for leaks in pipes, hoses and faucets.
  • Buy a high efficiency washing machine that use 35% to 50% less water.
  • Reduce the usage of kitchen sink garbage disposal as they require a lot of water to operate.
  • Install low-flush toilets that can reduce water usage by 40% to 50%.
  • Reuse greywater for your garden

Ways to Conserve Water in Your Garden and Landscaping

Installing drip irrigation

This is one of the best ways to water plants efficiently. It combines professional grade materials with simple installation that delivers water directly to root zone, eliminating runoff. Installing a drip system can save 15 gallons each time you water. With a smart controller added to your drip system, you can save more than 24 gallons per day.

Reduce your lawn

More than half of outdoor water usage is used for watering grass. Consider replacing some of the grass with drought resistant plants that cover large areas and do not require mowing.

Set Mower Blades to 3"

If you do have grass, setting your mower blade to 3” encourages deeper roots on your grass and can save 16-50 gallons of water per day.

Water Saving Containers

Make sure to use containers with low water usage such as Glazed terra cotta that do not loose water through the sides and do not require frequent watering.


Using mulch on bare soil can slow water evaporation. A 2-3 inches deep layer can retain soil moisture and reduce weed sprouting.

Use drought tolerant or Native Plants

These plants have already adapted to dryer climates and use less water. They require minimal irrigation and tend to be pest resistant. Agave Plant and Purple Russian sage are a great example of this. To find lists of low-water use plants for our area check out Water-Wise Gardening in the Gold Country Region.

Water plants at the right time

Avoid watering on windy and hot days. Water the lawn and garden in the morning or late in the evening to maximize the amount of water that reaches the plant roots.

Plant more trees

Planting and growing trees can reduce water usage as they provide shading which creates a cooling effect to retain soil moisture. The Sacramento Tree Foundation has information and resources on getting free shade trees, the best tree types for your location and tree care and maintenance.

Use a broom to clean outdoor areas

Rather than reaching for the hose, use a broom to sweep walkways, driveways and sidewalks. This can save 8 to 18 gallons per minute.

Get a free soil moisture meter

The Elk Grove Water District has complementary soil moisture meters available for Elk Grove Water District residents. Moisture meters can help determine if your landscaping is ready for more water or has enough soil moisture.

Get a free water use audit

A water audit can help you maximize your water systems benefits and minimize your water use, both for your landscaping and inside your home. Elk Grove Water District residents can call (916) 685-3556 to request your free water use audit.

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